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Structural Geology

Many ore deposits are formed within tectonically active areas, such as ancient basins and orogenic belts. It is no wonder then that the vast majority of mineral deposits are affected or controlled, to a greater or lesser extent, by geological structures.

From the perspective of mineral exploration and mining, the potential influence of both large- and small-scale structures on projects cannot be understated, with structures impacting most technical issues, including: grade control, resource estimation, targeting, rock mass engineering and hydrogeology.


  • Determination of structural controls on mineralisation for use in near-mine and regional exploration programmes
  • 3D geometrical modelling of complex ore bodies for mineral estimation
  • Integration and interpretation of geological, geochemical and geophysical data
  • Characterisation of fracture systems for geotechnical and hydrogeological studies
  • On-site training in structural geology, tailored to the client's project site
  • Practical advice on the acquisition of pertinent structural data


Regardless of the structural issue, SRK’s initial approach is unwavering: understand the problem, understand the economic implications, and focus on the fundamental issues.

Depending upon the nature of the commission, the study may combine: a brief review of salient data and reports, definition of key issues, focussed data collection (outcrop and drillcore), 3D geometrical and kinematic analysis using state-of-the-art software, and the integration of findings, resulting in a robust structural model.


SRK’s structural geologists have a broad experience of the contrasting technical issues where structural geology impinges during the various stages of exploration and production.

Using their experience coupled with their understanding of geological processes, SRK’s structural experts have recently assisted in the identification of ore deposit controls for near-mine and regional exploration targeting; the characterisation and analysis of fractures to help mitigate mine stability and water in-flow problems in underground environments; 3D modelling of structurally complex deposits to assist with resource wireframing; and the definition of structural geometries in geotechnical studies of large open pit operations.

SRK Kazakhstan